MEET YOUR MAKER
Definitely not British, American or Japanese with a name
like that. Scandinavian maybe?
Spot on, Finnish to be precise and their roots can be traced
back to 1865 when Fredrik Idestam set up a pulp mill in the South of the
country, in an area known as Nokia. It quickly became one of Europe’s largest
manufacturers of soft tissues
Tissues to telecommunications, that’s quite a jump...
It actually took quite a while and the Nokia Group as we
know it today wasn’t formed until 1967, following the merger of three smaller
Who were they?
The Finnish Rubber works, it set up shop next door to the
Nokia mill in 1898, making galoshes and sundry rubber goods, and the Finnish
Cable Works, based in Helsinki, founded in 1912. Over the years the ownership
of all three companies fell into the same hands, finally coming together as one
concern in 1967
Rubber, wire and paper, is there a connection?
After the turn of the century, and following the rapid
expansion of Finland’s telephone network, there was a big demand for cable.
Rubber and paper were used as insulators, hence the synergy
Bring us up to date
Finnish Cable moved into telecommunications in a big way
during the 1960s, building radios for the army and public utilities. Following
the merger the group became leaders in PCM digital transmission systems. In the
1970s they moved into microwaves and branches of the company expanded into
other telecommunications technologies. In 1979 their Mobira division became
Nokia Mobile Phones.
Didn’t they use to make TVs and hi-fis?
For a while; throughout the 1980s they became a quite big
player in consumer electronics but they stopped making VCRs and the TV business
was sold off to the parent company of Akai a few years back. Now they’re back
concentrating on their core businesses, mobile phones and telecommunications.
They also manage to find time in between to design and build some great satellite
receivers. They’re also pioneers in digital set-top boxes and recently they
started marketing PC monitors.